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Tuesday, April 28, 2020 | History

7 edition of Chromosomal evolution in higher plants found in the catalog.

Chromosomal evolution in higher plants

G. Ledyard Stebbins

Chromosomal evolution in higher plants

  • 154 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by Edward Arnold in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plants -- Evolution,
  • Chromosomes

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. [202]-208.

    Statement[by] G. Ledyard Stebbins.
    SeriesContemporary biology
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQK981 .S74
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 216 p.;
    Number of Pages216
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5396458M
    ISBN 100713122870
    LC Control Number72850119

    Evolution - Evolution - Genetic variation and rate of evolution: The more genetic variation that exists in a population, the greater the opportunity for evolution to occur. As the number of gene loci that are variable increases and as the number of alleles at each locus becomes greater, the likelihood grows that some alleles will change in frequency at the expense of their alternates. UE Plant Chromosome Structure and Evolution: theory and practice (W) Chromosome analysis in flowering plants ECTS ( SWS), SPL 30 - Biologie. Evolution: Darwin and population genetics study guide by benjaminray includes 37 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, .


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Chromosomal evolution in higher plants by G. Ledyard Stebbins Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Chromosomal evolution in higher plants. [G Ledyard Stebbins] -- This book reviews the problem of how chromosomal variation between individuals, populations and species contributes to the process of evolution. Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants (Contemporary Biology) Paperback – January 1, by Stebbins (Author) See all 2 formats and editions Hide other formats and Cited by: ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: viii, pages: illustrations, maps ; 23 cm.

Contents: 1. The three basic functions of chromosomes Chromosomal organization in relation to gene action Variations in size and organization of the chromosomes Chromosomal changes, genetic recombination, and speciation Book: Chromosomal evolution in higher plants.

+ pp. Abstract: Aimed at a review of information on the contribution of chromosomal variation between individuals, populations and species to the processes of evolution evolution Subject Category: Natural ProcessesCited by:   Chromosomal evolution in higher plants by Stebbins, G.

Ledyard (George Ledyard), Publication date Topics Chromosomes, Plants -- Evolution Publisher London, Edward Arnold Borrow this book to access EPUB and PDF files.

IN COLLECTIONS. Books to Borrow. Books for People with Print Disabilities. Trent University Library :Chromosomal evolution in higher plants [by] G. Ledyard Stebbins Edward Arnold London Wikipedia Citation Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required.

Stebbins, G.L. () Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants. Edward Amold, London, has been cited by the following article: TITLE: Tetraploid Induction and Identification of Gossypium arboreum.

AUTHORS: Na Yang, Erhua Rong, Qianru Li, Juan Dong, Tianqin Du, Xiaoming Zhao, Yuxiang Wu. Buy Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants by G.

Ledyard Stebbins online at Alibris. We have new and used copies available, in 2 editions - starting at $ Shop Range: $ - $ : Chromosomal evolution in higher plants (Contemporary biology) () by Stebbins, G.

Ledyard and a great selection of similar New, 1/5(1). Book reviews; Abstracting and indexing; Advertise in QRB; "Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants. Ledyard Stebbins," The Quarterly Review of Biol no. 1, Part 1 (Mar., ): Brain Evolution Through the Lens of Parasite Manipulation.

Del Giudice. Open Library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published. Chromosomal evolution in higher plants by G. Ledyard Stebbins,Edward Arnold edition, in EnglishCited by:   As Levin points out, the previous synthesis was by G.

Ledyard Stebbins in his book Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants, a classic text which set the bar quite high, and against which one must now attempt to provide a contemporary review.

The spectacular advances in studies of plant evolution and cytogenetics during the 30 years since. : Chromosomal evolution in higher plants (Contemporary biology) (): Stebbins, G.

Ledyard: BooksPrice: $ Title: Evolutionary Cytogenetics. (Book Reviews: Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants) Book Authors: Ledyard Stebbins, G.

Review Author: Heslop-Harrison, J. adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86AAuthor: J.

Heslop-Harrison. Chromosomal evolution in higher plants Contemporary biology Series of student texts in contemporary biology: Author: George Ledyard Stebbins: Edition: illustrated: Publisher: Edward Arnold, Original from: the University of Michigan: Digitized: Length: pages: Subjects.

No book on chromosomal evolution in plants would be complete without mention of permanent translocation hetero- zygosity, and Levin devotes the fifth chapter to this subject. Dear Colleagues, Chromosomal evolution is, nowadays, and more than ever, a highly relevant topic. The first chromosomes were visualized in the s, and the latest modal human chromosome number was determined correctly in ; humans are eager to learn more about their own chromosomal constitution in comparison to other species.

Levin's book, despite the warts, is a worthy addition to the burgeoning literature on polyploids and chromosomal variation in plants, which, together with his Author: S A Harris. Introduction: the evolution of separate sexes and sex chromosomes. The study of plant sex chromosome involves non-model organisms, and the results have no obvious immediate applied benefits for crops in most countries, apart from the usefulness of genetic markers for sexing plants before flowering, so as to increase the proportion of females (the desired sex for fruit crops such as Cited by: Thus chromosomal aberrations play a vital role in evolution as they generate variation in a natural population.

Natural selection maintains the polymorphism for gross chromosomal changes in plants like Oenothera, Datura, Rhoeo, Clarkia, Campanula, etc.

Reciprocal transloca­tions along with alternate chromosome segre­gation ensure the. This chapter provides information to the developmental aspects of chromosome control. Chromosomes can provide important evidence of their own evolution and of that of the plants, which possess them.

Chromosomes can be studied in several ways, many of which are complementary to each by:   InG. Ledyard Stebbins devoted two chapters of his book Variation and Evolution in Plants (Columbia Univ.

Press, New York) to polyploidy, one on occurrence and nature and one on distribution and significance. Fifty years later, many of the questions Stebbins posed have not been answered, and many new questions have arisen.

In this paper, we review some of the genetic Cited by: Variation and Evolution in Plants () Processes of Organic Evolution () The Basis of Progressive Evolution () Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants () (ISBN ) Flowering plants: evolution above the species level ().

Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN Awards: Linnean Medal (), Leidy Award (). 30 years on: chromosomes and plant evolution. This book is clearly aimed at an audience familiar with. Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants Edward Arnold: London. Author: Stephen A Harris. This chapter provides an overview of the current state of knowledge concerning genome size evolution in plants.

It includes a review of available data, the patterns of variation both within and among species, and higher taxa. Every cellular organism possesses a genome and genome size evolution is not limited to any one taxon, but rather is of.

In plants, knobs can originate through inversions, including pericentromeric heterochromatin (e.g., the hk4S knob in A. thaliana [Fransz et al., ]), the insertion and subsequent silencing of repetitive elements such as tandem repetitive transgenes (Probst et al., ), or can be copied from other chromosomal regions due to the physical Cited by:   Karyotype evolution in species with identical chromosome number but belonging to distinct phylogenetic clades is a long-standing question of plant biology, intractable by conventional cytogenetic techniques.

Here, we apply comparative chromosome painting (CCP) to reconstruct karyotype evolution in eight species with x=7 (2n=14, 28) chromosomes from six Brassicaceae by: A brief history of chromosomal evolution. We now know a great deal about the nature and distribution of karyotypic changes in plants.

Taken together, the tremendous number of cytogenetic analyses published since the discovery of chromosomes has revealed an array of karyotypic diversity in basic number, physical size, and the organization of homologous regions between related taxa (Levin, ).Cited by: Polyploidy is a conspicuous feature of chromosomal evolution in higher plants.

Stebbins (1) estimates that between 30 and 35 percent of flowering plant species have gametic chromosome numbers in multiples of the basic number characteristic of the genus to which they belong. Polyploidy is common in some groups and rare or absent in by: All the higher plants have to generate fertile offspring, which arise from mating between female and male gametes or from parthenogenesis, or they could not persist.

In some cases, it is very difficult to understand the speciation mechanisms without cytogenetic by: 1. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Developments in Plant Genetics and Breeding: Chromosome Engineering in Plants: Genetics, Breeding, Evolution Pt.

A (, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay. Free shipping for many products. The application of new molecular technology has greatly increased our understanding of the role of chromosomal change in plant evolution.

There is now a broad database on genome size variation within and among species and a wide array of nuclear and cytoplasmic genetic markers. Chromosomal evolution in higher plants. London: Edward Arnold.

E-mail Citation» One of the most cited sources for polyploidy. Chapters of this book focus on hybridization, polyploidy, and attributes of polyploids. Wendel, Jonathan F.

The wondrous cycles of polyploidy in plants. American Journal of Botany – “Chromosomal studies have long promised to become a kind of visible chemistry” [1]. Introduction Chromosomal aberrations (CA) are one of the important biological consequences of human expo-sure to ionizing radiation and other genotoxic agents.

In epidemiological studies, it has been shown that ∗ Corresponding author. Hypochaeris is a genus of plants in the dandelion species are known as cat's are annual and perennial herbs generally bearing flower heads with yellow ray florets. Estimates of the number of species range from about 50 up to about Most species are native to South America, but some are found in Eurasia and North AfricaFamily: Asteraceae.

文章. Stebbins. Chromosomal evolution in higher plants. London: Edward Arnold, 被如下文章引用: TITLE: 红花三个品种的核型比较分析 Karyotype Analysis of 3 Varieties of Carthamus tinctorius L. AUTHORS: 岳帅, 刘虹, 李刚, 覃瑞, 龚汉雨 KEYWORDS: 红花;染色体;核型 Carthamus tinctorius L.; Chromosome; Karyotype. The Role of Genetic and Genomic Attributes in the Success of Polyploids PAMELA S.

SOLTIS AND DOUGLAS E. SOLTIS InG. Ledyard Stebbins devoted two chapters of his book Variation and Evolution in Plants (Columbia Univ. Press, New York) to polyploidy, one on occurrence and nature and one on distribution and significance. The application of new molecular technology has greatly increased our understanding of the role of chromosomal change in plant evolution.

There is now a broad database on genome size variation within and among species and a wide array of nuclear and cytoplasmic genetic markers. There is a variety of literatures addressing this subject but much of it is scattered.

Karyotypic and feulgen microdensitometric measurements show that the most asymmetric karyotype is correlated with the lowest DNA amount and vice Cited by:. Stebbins’ () later book, Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants, was also influential and provided a contemporary summary of polyploidy reflecting the knowledge that had accumulated to that time—including discussions of ancient polyploidy in angiosperms, as well as recent by: elements capable of transposing to different chromosomal locations in maize plants (McClintock, ).

The book contains a brief mention of Marcus Rhoades' observation that a standard recessive a 1 allele of a gene in the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway can become unstable and revert at a high frequency to the dominant A 1 allele in a background containing a dominant Dt (“dotted”) allele.Includes analyses of genomic sequences in organelles, prokaryotes and eukaryotes as well as comparative maps of the nuclear genomes in higher plants and animals.

The book showcases a variety of algorithmic and statistical approaches to rearrangement and map data.